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Inventor: William Henry Perkin

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Another " unfortunate " chemist - this time from the UK - a few years worked hard to find ... cure for malaria. As a result, in 1856 Perkin research led him to the invention of the first synthetic dye in the world , and Perkin 's no fool , quickly patented his invention . Soon he opened a factory near London, and by 1862 th purple dye became so popular that Queen Victoria herself in outfits sported dyed moveinom . And , despite the fact that the hype on the dye faded fast , in less than 10 years Perkin managed to earn millions in the '60s sold the factory and subsequently devoted himself entirely to research.

4.Teflon

Inventor: Roy Plunkett

Another discovery has made it through forgetfulness and low night temperatures. American Roy Plunkett was experimenting with the properties of gases in the development of coolants . Accidentally left on the street one of the samples in the morning Plunkett discovered that the substance hardened and turned into a kind of wax. Further research led to the fact that in 1945 the company he worked for Plunkett , patented PTFE and began to use it in the production of hundreds of kinds of products ( from metal utensils to cable insulation ) . Today invention has brought its author and producers billions of dollars , the latter , by the way , took third place in the global ranking of players Chemindustry .

5.Plastic Bakelite


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