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Patterns of Comparison

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Apart from morphological ways of denoting gradation of quality, there are some sentence patterns in which comparison is expressed.

 

 

MEANING PATTERN EXAMPLE
P O S I T I V E D E G R E E
equality as… as If a stupid woman marries a smart man she will become as sharp as he is.
inequality not as… as Her car is not nearly as economical as mine
  not so… as She is not so tall as he is. He is not so clever.
  twice as… as A mile is just one and a half times as long as a kilometer.
excess too + Adj [+ Inf] The grass is too short [to cut / for me to cut it].
sufficiency Adj + enough [+ Inf] He’s rich enough [to own a car / for me to marry him].
C O M P A R A T I V E D E G R E E
parallel increase/ decrease the –er… the -er The more dangerous it is the more I like it.
  … -er as… He became more cautious as he grew older.
  The less I study the less I know.
inferiority less + Adj… than John is less naughty than his sister
superiority … -er than She is quieter than he is.
  twice –er than This task is twice easier than that one. The tower is 3 times taller than the house.
  -er than it is + Adj The room is longer than it is wide.
  the –er of the two Of the two… the -er Jack is the taller of the two. Of the two boys, John behaves the more politely.
S U P E R L A T I V E D E G R E E
inferiority the least… of/… She is the least tolerant person I’ve ever met.
superiority the –est of/in/ever/ that… Edward is the youngest of all / in the family / ever elected president / that I’ve ever taught.
  Of the three… the -est Of the three boys, Bob behaves the most politely.
  the second –est of Ann is the second oldest ofthe children.

 

Note the following patterns introduced by “more of a”, “as much of a”, “less of a”, etc.:

He is more of a sportsman than his father.

It was as much of a success as I expected (it would be).



You are less of a fool than I thought (you were).

He was enough of a man to tell the truth.

He is too much of a coward to go there.

Pay attention to the following set expressions:

a change for the better (for the worse) ― перемена к лучшему (худшему)

so much the better (the worse) ― тем лучше (хуже)

·· none the worse for ― ничуть не хуже от…

if the worst comes to the worst ― в худшем случае

· to go from bad to worse ― становиться все хуже и хуже

· as best as ― в полную меру старания

· at best, at worst ― в лучшем случае, в худшем случае

· none the less ― тем не менее

· in the near future ― в ближайшем будущем

· the younger generation ― молодое поколение

· In the last / past few days / weeks / months / years ― за последние дни / недели / месяцы / годы

· with every passing day / year / month ― с каждым днем / годом / месяцем

 


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