Тема 3. Структура підприємства. Ділове листування. Е-mails. Структура бізнес-листа
Заняття № 6. Структура підприємства.
Мета заняття: Сформувати у студентів загальні та професійно орієнтовані комунікативні мовленнєві компетенції (лінгвістичну, соціолінгвістичну і прагматичну) для забезпечення їхнього ефективного спілкування. Формування уявлення про найпоширеніші форми організації підприємств. Складання схеми структури підприємства.
1. Read the information bellow. Discuss advantages and disadvantages of each business structure type.
Types of business structures
A business can be legally structured in several ways. Choosing the best legal structure for your business is one of the first and most important decisions you need to make.
We recommend seeking professional advice from your accountant, solicitor or financial adviser before deciding on your business structure, as you will need to consider many legal, financial and tax issues.
Each business structure has different requirements. You may need an Australian Business Number, business name registration, trademark registration and other requirements.
A sole trader is 1 individual who runs a business without partners or a company structure. This is the easiest and most inexpensive business structure. A sole trader has full control of the business, including ownership of all profits and responsibility for all debts.
A partnership is a common and relatively simple, informal and inexpensive way to set up or structure a business. It involves 2 or more co-owners participating together in a business. A partnership also requires an intention to make and share profits and an understanding that these co-owners act on behalf of each other in business.
A company must be registered under the Australian Corporations Law. One of the biggest advantages of the company structure is that the liabilities of the company's shareholders may be limited to their share capital. This means shareholders' personal assets cannot usually be seized to pay company debts. As separate legal entities, companies rather than owners are liable for debts. However, establishing a company structure does include higher initial costs and ongoing fees. In addition, company losses cannot be offset against shareholders' other income.
A trust is a legal relationship where a trustee (an individual or a company) carries on business for the benefit of other people (the beneficiaries).
Read the text in the box. Complete the organization chart from the information provided. Two examples have been done for you. Note!There are various possible ways of business structures. This is one of the most usual.
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