:
  1. .
  2. 13. : , , , .
  3. 26. .
  4. XIX . .
  5. ( )
  6. 10 .1792 .
  7. 14 1825
  8. 1837-1847 .
  9. 1916
  10. 1916 . , .

Oeecea oa 1812 . apae oxo coa pycco oece ap co apoec oe, a eoe peae a pae oaoo eee py pyccoo oepca c e ee pax epoecx cpa. Mc pocee payca peo, a ae pycca caoepao-peoceca eceoc o a oppoae eoo eapccoo e.
epeoe pycce oep, oope epyc oce o a ocooee Epo cpay "apaee" peocoo paa, opaoa oeco "Co cace"(1816 .). Macaa ceoc oeca 30-50 eoe, ocoa e yoee peocoo paa eee ocy. Mc o apeyce, oa o ee, ocoae "cyoc cpec", oop pacoaaa aocea aya opaa ce oao epecpoe oco "Coa cace", pacpe ee ceoo cocaa.
1818 . "Co cace" epeeoa "Co aoec"(oee 200 eoe). Ocoa aaa "Coa aoec" opa a aoeae oeceoo e. e "Coa aoec" paepy oece poaay apeocecx e, coy epaype co, cao acoce o, ea oopx oe eapc. Ka yaco "Coa aoec" oa pa coe paeco eeoc oy epex opace: 1) "eoeoe" (yace eeoc aoopex oec), 2) opaoae, 3) paocye, 4) oeceoe xoco. ooe acpoa ycae "Coa aoec" "eeo e".
1820-1821 . Aecap I oepy copoy pea, cyecoae "Coa aoec" c eo opo poaao cao oac. ape 1821. oeco o pacyeo.
Beco Coa aoec 1821-1822 . opaoac a ax coa oeca, oce ye po peoo xapaep.
Bo ae "Ceepoo oeca" eepype co pa Mypae,C..Tpyeo, H..Typee, E..Ooec,o K..Pee.
"oe oeco"opaoaoc Tye (paa). Bo ae "oo oeca" co ep eco oo ..ece,aa pa peooy ay, o o apeyca ae cpee ce epaopco a. Haoee a ea oo oeca eepa C..Booc, ec, C.Mypae-Aoco, M.ecye-P.
Kpoe oo Ceepoo oec oo ee Oeco coeex ca, caee coe e ycao eepay pecyy cex cacx apoo.
oece popa eapco. "Pycca paa" ("P..") epa Pocc pecyaca porpaa. ece copoo e epxoo ac apoa: "Hapo poccc e ec paeoc aoo-o a ceeca. Hapo oo, paeco ec paeoc apoa oo ypeeo aa apooo, a e apo cyecye aa paeca". "P.." apeaoc ae coa o peoceco caoepao poo Pocc. c ece Pocc oa a ca pecyo c ooaa apaeo (Hapooe ee). coea ac epac a, pa Hap ee cpoo a e. Bo ae Pocc oe co pee (o pao ep).
"Kocy" H.Mypaea oea peocoe pao. Ho oee eeaee coxpaoc. Bae oa peoca ocooe peoc pycaey e "o oopo" e ec axoo e a op. "Kocy" Pocc pepaaac ocyoy oapx, e coea ac paeaa epaopy, a aooaea epeaac yxaaoy apaey (Hapooy ee). pooaac p ocox ypyax coo coa, epocoea, a, epee.
Aecap I yep 19 op 1825 . Taapoe. Haceo pecoa eo pa Koca, oop paec c e. pecco ec a pae pyco (e o), oaac o pecoa 1819 . Tora e Aecap coo Hoa o o, o o ace pecoa. Maec o o oca 1823 1824 (ec paoe), o o e oyoa. Bo pa epo eyapc pe, poeee o epo pc Kocay o oo pc Hoa ceo 17 e: o 27 op o 13 eap 1825 .). "Cya yoe, ca 12 eap 1825 . ..y oapa-eapca Mocy, ee eo e pepe, o acyae o ce ce oeo".
eapca o peeo 14 eap 1825 ., e pece pc ooy ap Hoa I, axa ap Cea py x ee ocyooo cpo. oec pyooee ("aopo") occa pa C..Tpyeo(o o 14 eap e c a Ceacy oa).
po 14 eap a Ceacy oa p e-ap Mococ o. occa pcoec apec opco a e-ap peaepc o.Bceo a oa copaoc o 3 c occax oc p pa oepax.
Oao Hoa, a o aoope, apaee p pcy Ceaa, opy occae oca, o oo e peac pcy oe ec po eo, oca occa c yeea pooa Cepaa, e Mxaa aoa eepa-yepaopa Ca-eepypa Mopaoa ( cepeo pae eapco ..Kaxoc). Ooo 4 aco, oa ye aao cepac, Hoa I oa pa pe apep. Boccae o papoeo, aac apec.
e oo oeca ( Keco yep) o a occae epoc nexo o,o ae oopoo ca C..Mypae-Aoco,o oo o copo oaeo ( aae ap 1826 .).
Caoepae ecoo pacpaoc c eapca. Cyy pea 121 eoe. epo x ae.

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