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Communication activities. Task 23. Comment on the following:

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Task 23. Comment on the following:

 

“If we open a quarrel between the past and the present we shall find that we have lost the future.” (W.Churchill)

 

“History is philosophy learned from examples.”

(Dionysius)

Task24. Say why M. Lomonosov, D.Mendeleev, Y.Derzhavin, S.Vitte deserve to be mentioned in the book about the history of Russian Customs?

 

Task 25. Write down five words that best describe the history of Russian Customs. Compare your list with your partner’s words. Participate in the class discussion of the words.

 

Task 26.Matching. The teacher will give you articles and headlines from English language newspapers. Work in groups matching each headline to its story.

 

Task 27. Complete the following proverbs and give their Russian equivalents.

 

1. A friend in need _______________________.

2. Actions ______________________words.

3. _______________________ that ends well.

4. As you make your bed __________________.

5. East or West, __________________.

6. __________________ before you leap.

7. Make _______________ while the sun______.

8. ________________ never come alone.

9. Old _____________ are not be caught_______.

10. Second thoughts are _____________________.

11. Birds of feather ________________.

Use these proverbs in short situations of your own.

VOCABULARY

customs tax таможенная пошлина
an official официальное лицо
to collect взимать, забирать
stamped seal печать на документе
statement заявление
to predate предшестовать
transportation of goods перевозка грузов
frontier граница
frontier towns приграничные города
to purchase приобретать
state государство
merchant; merchandise купец; товар
the Russian Customs Statute Российский таможенный устав
on pain of confiscation под угрозой конфискации
to limit ограничивать
foreign goods иностранные товары
to defend защищать
powerful administrative body мощный административный орган
to contribute вносить вклад
state institutions государственные учреждения
to develop customs laws разрабатывать таможенное законодательство
to initiate начать, инициировать
to issue the Decree издать указ
Trade Statute Торговый Устав
legislation законодательство
Commerce Board торгово-промышленная палата
to work out customs tariffs разрабатывать таможенные тарифы
to come into effect вступить в силу
a public figure общественный деятель
to be in charge of стоять во главе; быть ответственным за
to police охранять, контролировать, патрулировать
modern современный
multi-functioning многофункциональный
functions функции

UNIT 3



CUSTOMS AREAS

Text 1

Task 1.Read and translate the text.

The customs areas include the following:

Duty collection

The assessment and collectionof duties and taxes have always been one of the main functions of the customs service. In fact, collection of the revenue is the responsibility with which the customs usually started. Throughout its history the customs has supplied the federal budget with the revenue necessary for investment in the economy and in the country’s basic infrastructure, i.e. new schools, roads, hospitals.

Classification

Merchandise classification is the foundation on which duty collection occurs. All goods entering the country should be classified by use of the established numerical coding system. Most countries are now adopting the Harmonized System of Classificationwhich, in case of uniform application, can help improve the classification of goods and prevent losses of duty collection.

Appraisement

Cargo shipments entering the country are to be supplied with the necessary documents, for example, commercial invoices, certificates of quality, certificates of origin and others. The cargo declaration is a basis for goods valuation and assessment of duty. Undervaluation can result in underpayment of duties.


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