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Environmental Pollution

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People have always polluted their surroundings. But until now pollution was not such a serious problem. People lived in uncrowded rurral areas and did not have pollution — causing machines. With the development of crowded industrial cities which put huge amounts of pollutants into small areas, the problem has become more important. Automobiles and other new inventions make pollution steadily worse. Since the late

196O’s people have become alarmed with the danger of pollution.

Air, water, and soil are necessary for existance of all living things. But polluted air can cause illness, and even death. Poluted water kills fish and other marine life. On polluted soil, food can not be grown. In addition environmental pollution spoils the natural beauty of our planet.

Pollution is as complicated as serious problem. Automobiles are polluting the air but they provide transportation for the people. Factories pollute the air and the water but they provide jobs for people and produce necessary goods. Fertilizers and pesticides are important for growing crops but they can ruin soil.

Thus, people would have to stop using many useful things if they wanted to end pollution immediately. Most people do not want that of course. But pollution can be reduced gradually. Scientists and engineers can find the ways to reduce pollution from automobiles and factories. Government can pass the laws that would make enterprises take measures for reducing of pollution. Individuals and groups of people can work together to persuade enterprises to stop polluting activities.

 

Active Words and Word Combinations:

environment pollution – забруднення довкілля

uncrowded - малонаселений

pollution-causing – який виклиає забруднення

rural - сільськогосподарський

pollutants - відходи

invention - зображення

soil – грунт, земля

existance - існування

fertilizer - добрива

to grow - вирощувати

crops - сільськогосподарські культури

to ruin - псувати

to reduce - зменшити

gradually - поступово

to pass a law – прийняти закон

to take measures - вжити захобів

to persuade - переконати

activity - діяльність

 

Questions:

1 Why wasn’t pollution such as a serious problem earlier?



2. When have people become alarmed with the danger of pollution?

3. What can environmental pollution cause?

4. Why is pollution a complicated problem?

5. Can pollution be stopped immediately?

6. What can government and individuals do to reduce pollution?

 

Викладач ______________І.С. Коковіхіна


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