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THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
Kazakhstan is an independent Republic. Kazakhstan is an ancient and hospitable land, which occupies a large part of Central Asia. On the eastern border of Kazakhstan lies China. To the south lies its fraternal Republics – Kirgizia, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, to the north and to the west lies Russia. Kazakhstan has 14 regions, 84 cities.
More than 17 million people of over a hundred nationalities and ethnic groups live in the republic. The head of Kazakhstan is a president, his name is Nursultan Nazarbayev. Almaty is a former capital of Kazakhstan. In 1997, the president of sovereign Kazakhstan made a decision to transfer the capital from Almaty to Akmola. In 1998 the government of the country decided to change the name of the capital into Astana, what means “capital” in Kazakh language. In Kazakhstan people speak Russian or Kazakh languages.
Kazakhstan has hundreds of nationalities that’s why all people speak their native language. There are many parties in Kazakhstan, for example: Azat, Otan, Alash, Azamat. The president is elected every seven years. The parliament can be divided into two parts. One of them is deputation of Senate and the other is deputation of Mazhilis. Kazakhstan is rich in mineral resources. Coal, oil, timber and gas are the most important of them. I’m proud of my country.
COLLECTION OF LEARNERS INDIVIDUAL WORK (LIW)AND OFFICE HOURS MATERIALS
III. TEXTS FOR READING
Hello, here I am. My name is Tanya. I am going to tell you about myself. You know, it’s not very easy to speak about myself because I don’t see myself from the side. But still I can tell you a little bit about my character and my interests.
So, I am 14 years old. I am not very tall but rather slim with straight brown hair, oval face and green eyes. I don’t find myself very beautiful, but people say I am pretty. I like wearing casual clothes, jeans usually and a T-shirt, but sometimes I put on dresses or skirts. I don’t like shoes with high heels. I prefer sneakers. But to school I wear a uniform.
As for my character, I think, I am a calm, well-tempered person and rather modest. I am not sure but my friends say that I have good sense of humour. Actually, I love telling jokes and making my friends smile. I am quite sociable and talkative and I like being around people. I have a lot of friends and acquaintances. But sometimes I have those swings of mood when I feel sad and want to stay alone for some time. I think that’s quite OK because everybody has such moments. I like everything positive and when I have some problems I always try to find positive moments in them. I like to help people around and see how they become happy. I like kind, honest, polite, reliable and responsible people. And I hate when people are rude and aggressive. Aggression is bad.
Well, now about my interests and hobbies. There are many, but I don’t have time to do everything, so I have to choose. Now I am doing sports a lot, go to the gym and run at the stadium. Sometimes I play different sport games for health and pleasure. I usually play such games as volley-ball, basketball, tennis, and sometimes football.
And of course I like music! I like different styles. Besides, I am a theatre-goer. Television is like a box of trash nowadays.
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