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The word “computer” was record in 1613, referring to a person who carried out calculations, or computations, this word continued with the same meaning until the middle of the 19th century were the word began to take on a new meaning, “to describe a machine that carries out computations”.
Can anyone say that civilization would be the same as it is now without the development of computers? The answer is simple NO. If you think about, nearly everything in our everyday lives uses a computer in it from modern day cars to phones and most electrical devices. Even the devices that measures how much electric, gas and water we use run on computers.
Canada consists of 10 provinces and three territories in five main regions: the Atlantic Region, Central Canada, the Prairies, the West Coast and the North. The culture and population are different in each region. The Atlantic region consists of the provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador. Activities such as fishing, farming, forestry, tourism and mining are important to the Atlantic economy.
Canada has about 28 million people. More than 80 percent of all the people in Canada live in towns and cities within 250 kilometres of the United States border. Ottawa is Canada's capital city, with a population of nearly one million. It is located in the province of Ontario. Canada's largest cities are Toronto, Ontario (4.4 million people); Montréal, Quebec (3.4 million); and Vancouver, British Columbia (1.9 million).
French is the mother tongue of 6.6 million Canadians. Most Franco phones live in Quebec, but almost one million Franco phones live in Canada's other provinces and territories. About 76 percent of Franco phones living outside Quebec live in Ontario and New Brunswick. Manitoba, Alberta and British Columbia each have approximately 50,000 Francophones, while Nova Scotia has 35,000 and Saskatchewan has fewer than 20,000. The areas with the smallest French-speaking populations are Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, and the three territories.
Canada has a diversified economy. Natural resources industries, such as forestry, mining, oil and gas extraction, farming and fishing, are important sources of jobs and export earnings. Canada is also a world leader in the fields of telecommunications, biotechnology, aerospace technologies and pharmaceuticals. More and more jobs involve work in service industries or in information technology. Along with the United States and Mexico, Canada is a partner in the North American Free Trade Agreement. The economy of Canada is dominated by the service industry employing three quarters of the Canadian population. There is also a huge manufacturing sector in Canada. International trade constitutes a large part of the country's economy, with the United States as the main trading partner. Canada's economic welfare lies in its wealth of natural resources, strong manufacturing sector, sound financial and service sectors, innovative technologies and dynamic international trade relations.
Canada has one of the highest levels of economic freedom in the world. Today Canada closely resembles the U.S. in its market-oriented economic system, and pattern of production. International trade makes up a large part of the Canadian economy, particularly of its natural resources. Canada has a decimal system of currency. The Canadian dollar is the basic unit of money. The most common paper bills are the $5, $10 and $20, but $50 and $100 bills are also used. Canadian coins include the penny (one cent), nickel (five cents), dime (10 cents), quarter (25 cents), loonie ($1) and toonie ($2).
Canada has a beautiful natural environment. Because we have lots of land and a small population, most of our country is wild and unspoiled. However, it is becoming harder to preserve our environment as our population and cities grow. Pollution helps cause large-scale environmental problems, such as acid rain. And as more people use and live in natural areas, threats to the environment increase.
Canadians are very concerned about environmental issues. They know that damage to the environment can be hard to fix.
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