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COMPUTER (HISTORY)

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The word “computer” was record in 1613, referring to a person who carried out calculations, or computations, this word continued with the same meaning until the middle of the 19th century were the word began to take on a new meaning, “to describe a machine that carries out computations”.
Many people may think that the first ever computer to be developed would be in the late 1800 early 1900s but that would be incorrect, the first computer was actually made in 1801 by Joseph Marie Jaquard who developed a machine that used punched paper cards as a template to weave intricate patterns automatically. Though this may seem basic it was a important step in development of computers because it used punched cards to define woven patterns and this can be view as an early form of programmability, albeit limited.
It was 1837 when the fusion of automatic calculations with programmability that produced the first recognizable computers. Charles Babbage was the first person to utilize this technology to design a fully programmable mechanical computer, his analytical engine. Due to limited finances and inability to resist tinkering with the design this device was never completed. It was not until 1880s that Hermon Hollerith invented the next big step in computing which was inventing the recording of data on a machine readable medium (more commonly known these days as the Hard Disk Drive or HDD), Prior uses of computers had been just an input system or controller and not used to store Data. It really wasn’t till 1936 till what you would call modern computers really came into existence.

Can anyone say that civilization would be the same as it is now without the development of computers? The answer is simple NO. If you think about, nearly everything in our everyday lives uses a computer in it from modern day cars to phones and most electrical devices. Even the devices that measures how much electric, gas and water we use run on computers.
There is really no argument about weather computers has made life easier for humans because they have, but are they a good thing? If you look into it you can come up with both yes and no as an answer. In my opinion yes computers are a good thing but that is also because I was brought up in an age where computer use is second nature and is a requirement in most secondary high schools and in higher education. Though people in fields were computers have taken their jobs would answer no, the truth is computers are cheaper, faster and more accurate than humans. Computers do not need sick leave, can work 24/7 and don’t slack of. This of course is only true if they are programmed correctly, so saying that they cannot make a mistake is not 100% true, but is it really the computers fault or the human who programmed it. Computers also have what we call Human error, which is computers were built by humans so they are not going to last forever and will someday need to be fixed or replaced. There are also the advancements that happen in computer technologies which are increasing at an alarming rate, people could go out and buy the most updated computer to have it be bottom of the line in 6 months’ time. Companies do not need to worry so much about the advancements in computers so much but you will find any company that doesn’t have computer technology that have been updated at least in the last 5 years will find that they will be behind and will be looking at a large sum of money depending on the size of the company and what they want to be able to achieve.



CANADA

Canada consists of 10 provinces and three territories in five main regions: the Atlantic Region, Central Canada, the Prairies, the West Coast and the North. The culture and population are different in each region. The Atlantic region consists of the provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador. Activities such as fishing, farming, forestry, tourism and mining are important to the Atlantic economy.
Central Canada consists of the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. This is the most populated region of the country. Together, Ontario and Quebec produce more than three-quarters of all Canadian manufactured goods.
The Prairies include the provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. Much of the land is flat and fertile, excellent for farming and rich in energy resources. In western Alberta, the Prairies end and the Rocky Mountains begin. The Canadian Rockies include some of the largest peaks in North America.
On the West Coast, the province of British Columbia is famous for its mountain ranges and forests. Natural resources such as lumber and fish are important to the economy. Fruit farming is also a major industry, as is tourism.
The North consists of Canada's three territories: Yukon, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Together, they make up over one-third of Canada's land mass. Northern resources include oil, natural gas, gold, lead and zinc.

 

Geography Canada
Geographic size 3.9 million square miles
Capital Ottawa
Area 9,984,670 sq km
Population 28 million people
Location Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US
Major cities Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Halifax

 

Canada has about 28 million people. More than 80 percent of all the people in Canada live in towns and cities within 250 kilometres of the United States border. Ottawa is Canada's capital city, with a population of nearly one million. It is located in the province of Ontario. Canada's largest cities are Toronto, Ontario (4.4 million people); Montréal, Quebec (3.4 million); and Vancouver, British Columbia (1.9 million).

French is the mother tongue of 6.6 million Canadians. Most Franco phones live in Quebec, but almost one million Franco phones live in Canada's other provinces and territories. About 76 percent of Franco phones living outside Quebec live in Ontario and New Brunswick. Manitoba, Alberta and British Columbia each have approximately 50,000 Francophones, while Nova Scotia has 35,000 and Saskatchewan has fewer than 20,000. The areas with the smallest French-speaking populations are Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, and the three territories.

Canada has a diversified economy. Natural resources industries, such as forestry, mining, oil and gas extraction, farming and fishing, are important sources of jobs and export earnings. Canada is also a world leader in the fields of telecommunications, biotechnology, aerospace technologies and pharmaceuticals. More and more jobs involve work in service industries or in information technology. Along with the United States and Mexico, Canada is a partner in the North American Free Trade Agreement. The economy of Canada is dominated by the service industry employing three quarters of the Canadian population. There is also a huge manufacturing sector in Canada. International trade constitutes a large part of the country's economy, with the United States as the main trading partner. Canada's economic welfare lies in its wealth of natural resources, strong manufacturing sector, sound financial and service sectors, innovative technologies and dynamic international trade relations.

Canada has one of the highest levels of economic freedom in the world. Today Canada closely resembles the U.S. in its market-oriented economic system, and pattern of production. International trade makes up a large part of the Canadian economy, particularly of its natural resources. Canada has a decimal system of currency. The Canadian dollar is the basic unit of money. The most common paper bills are the $5, $10 and $20, but $50 and $100 bills are also used. Canadian coins include the penny (one cent), nickel (five cents), dime (10 cents), quarter (25 cents), loonie ($1) and toonie ($2).

Canada has a beautiful natural environment. Because we have lots of land and a small population, most of our country is wild and unspoiled. However, it is becoming harder to preserve our environment as our population and cities grow. Pollution helps cause large-scale environmental problems, such as acid rain. And as more people use and live in natural areas, threats to the environment increase.

Canadians are very concerned about environmental issues. They know that damage to the environment can be hard to fix.
Canadians know that economic growth is crucial for the future prosperity of Canada. But growth must be managed carefully so that it does not harm the environment. The Canadian government is committed to "sustainable development," which is economic growth that does not hurt the environment and helps people. A healthy environment is important to quality of life. Everyone living in Canada should act in a responsible way, both toward the environment and within their community. This way, future Canadians have the opportunity to live in a country that is clean and prosperous. Both individuals and groups can help Canada develop in a sustainable way.


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