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Answer the questions. 1. When did the history of Astrakhan begin?

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1. When did the history of Astrakhan begin?

2. When was Astrakhan found?

3. What settlements lived on the territory of modern Astrakhan region?

4. What capitals were there?

5. What battles were on the territory?

6. When did the history of the modern astrakhan begin?

7. When was the Kremlin built?

8. Why was the left bank of Volga chosen for the Kremlin?

VI. Agree or disagree. Prove your point of view.

1. The history of Astrakhan dates back to the 11th century when a small settlement appeared on the banks of the river Volga.

2. Astrakhan was founded in 1558 and there were no towns on the territory of modern Astrakhan region.

3. Since old times there have been different settlements of nomadic tribes.

4. At about 140 km from modern Astrakhan there was an ancient capital of the Golden Hords – Itil.

5. The history of the present Astrakhan began when the Kremlin was built.

6. The right bank of the river was chosen for the Kremlin.

VII. Retell the text “Astrakhan’s history”

 

GRAMMAR: The Past Continuous Tense

Прошедшее длительное время употребляется для:

§ Выражения действия, протекавшего в определенный момент в прошлом, который обозначен либо обстоятельном времени, либо другим действием в прошлом:

EX: I was watching a TV show at 5 o’clock.

В 5 часов я смотрел ТВ-шоу.

I was watching a TV show when she came.

Я смотрел ТВ-шоу, когда она пришла.

§ Выражения длительного действия, протекавшего в определенный период времени в прошлом (all day long last Saturday – весь день в прошлую субботу, the whole day yesterday – весь вчерашний день).

EX: I was watching a TV-show the whole day yesterday.

Вчера весь день я смотрел ТВ-шоу.

Прошедшее длительное время образуется:

TO BE (в Past Simple) + Participle I

EX:Iwas workingat 5 o’clock.

Для построения вопросительной и отрицательной формы используется вспомогательный глагол to be в прошедшем времени (was, were)

EX: WasIworkingat 5 o’clock? I was not workingat 5 o’clock.

EXERCISES

EXERCISE 1. Make up your own examples (10 sentences) with the use of The Past Continuous Tense

EXERCISE 2. Explain the usage of the Past Continuous Tense. Translate the sentences.



1. It was snowing when we went out. 2. I wasn’t reading that book on holidays. 3. These people were being so kind to us when we visited them. 4. While my granny was making tea in the kitchen I laid the table. 5. She was helping me during my exam session. 6. It was December. Christmas was coming. 7. Jennie was having her gymnastic class at ten o’clock in the morning. 8. The phone rang when I was cooking supper. 9. Dennis was repairing the TV-set when I came. 10. They were discussing a very important question and that’s why they didn’t call you back.

EXERCISE 3. Complete the sentences like it’s shown in the example:

… at ten o’clock yesterday.

I was reading a book at ten o’clock yesterday.

1. … at 7 o’clock last Sunday.

2. … when you called me.

3. … when the postman came.

4. … last weekend on Saturday.

5. … when my mother cooked dinner.

6. … yesterday at four o’clock.

7. … last summer in June.

8. … in last October.


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