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Grammar: Countable and Uncountable Nouns

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  4. Ex.5. Match the nouns in the left hand column with the adjectives in the right hand column.
  5. Ex.5. Match the nouns in the left hand column with the verbs in the right hand column
  6. Ex.5. Match the nouns in the left hand column with the verbs in the right hand column.
  7. Ex.6. Match the nouns in the left-hand column with the verbs in the right-hand column.
  8. Grammar: Comparison of Adverbs
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Terms to remember:

 

application застосування; використання
impact вплив
simplify (v) спрощувати
store (v) зберігати
retrieve (v) відшукувати, видобувати (дані)
data дані
user користувач
desktop настільний комп’ютер
laptop переносний комп’ютер (ноутбук)
palmtop кишеньковий портативний комп’ютер
hardware апаратне забезпечення
software програмне забезпечення
malfunction порушення функціонування
bug помилка в програмі
hacker хакер

 

Computers

 

Computer use continues to grow and develop in all spheres of our life. Its applications have had a great impact on the business world. Computers have helped society by increasing productivity and simplifying many services, such as checking accounts, credit cards, and telephone service.

A computer is an electronic machine that can store, retrieve, and process data with great speed and accuracy.

A PC is a personal computer which is the standard computer for most individual users. There are various sizes of personal computer, including a desktop, and portable types such as a laptop, a notebook or a palmtop.

Hardware is the actual machinery of a computer, the circuits, wires, and drives.

Software contains the instructions that tell a computer what to do at every step along the way. Software is entered into a computer in the form of a program. Some programs (called viruses) are deliberately designed to cause problems in a computer system. They are hidden in programs, and are not obvious to users.

A virus is an error that is introduced into a program with the intention of causing a malfunction. A computer may crash and stop working altogether. This may be caused by a bug (an error in the software).

A hacker is a person who gains unauthorized access to computer systems.

 

 

Exercises in Word Study

 

Ex.1. Form verbs from the following nouns:

growth, application, simplicity, storage, user, intention, retrieval.



 

Ex.2. The following words can be used in more than one way. Underline the correct part of speech for each word as it is used in the text.

1. use a) noun b) verb
2. impact a) noun b) verb
3. speed a) noun b) verb
4. store a) noun b) verb
5. process a) noun b) verb
6. design a) noun b) verb
7. malfunction a) noun b) verb
8. bug a) noun b) verb
9. access a) noun b) verb

 

Ex.3. Give the English for:

мати великий вплив; діловий світ; збільшувати продуктивність; спрощувати послуги; кредитна картка; зберігати, відшукувати та обробляти дані; індивідуальний користувач; кишеньковий комп’ютер; настільний комп’ютер; переносний комп’ютер; апаратне забезпечення; програмне забезпечення; порушення функціонування; помилка в програмі; хакер; застосування комп’ютерів.

 

Ex.4. Match words from list A with words from list B that have a similar meaning:

A B
impact application simplify accuracy deliberately hide error intention intent mistake conceal intentionally exactness make less complex use influence

 


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