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Ex.1. Discuss the importance of a budget for the company and the consequences that might result from its absence

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  1. At the discussion
  2. Ex.1. Complete the sentences using the correct passive (continuous) form of the verbs in brackets.
  3. Ex.1. Complete the sentences using the correct passive (perfect) form of the verbs in brackets.
  4. Ex.1. Complete these sentences using can, could, may and be able to, or be allowed to in the correct form.
  5. Ex.1. Complete these sentences using the correct form of must, have to, need, should, ought to.
  6. Ex.1. Complete these sentences using the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
  7. Ex.1. Match the two parts of the sentences used in making enquiries.
  8. Exercise 7 Discuss the following points in pairs or small groups.
  9. Exercise 8 Discuss the following questions in pairs or small groups.
  10. Exercise 8 Discuss the following questions in pairs or small groups.
  11. Here is an example of the accompanying letter.

 

Ex.2. Familiarize yourself with the following idioms, consult your dictionary and translate the sentences into Ukrainian. Think of situations where you could use them:

1. We spent days working on a solution but it led us up a blind alley.

2. I shall sugar the pill by sending John on a week’s paid holiday before I make him redundant.

3. I was offered quite a well-paid job, but the work wouldn’t have been my cup of tea.

4. We need to rethink our plan in light of this new information.

5. With the drop in sales, the company cut the number of employees to the bone.

 

Ex.3. Comment on the following:

“It is easier to forgive an enemy than a friend.”

(Anonymous)

 

 

Lesson 3

Text: Auditing

Grammar: Modal Verbs with the Perfect Infinitive

 

Terms to remember:

 

auditing здійснення аудиту; перевірка звітності; ревізування
review перевірка; перевіряти
evaluation оцінювання, оцінка; аналіз (даних)
audit аудит; перевірка, ревізія; аудиторська перевірка фінансових операцій
auditor аудитор, бухгалтер-ревізор
outside/external/independent audit зовнішній аудит
internal audit внутрішній аудит
accounting department бухгалтерія
fiscal affairs фінансові справи
the standard operating procedures стандартні методи роботи
books бухгалтерські книги
accounting records бухгалтерські рахунки, документація
accurate точний, правильний
adequate що відповідає вимогам, відповідний, компетентний
accessible досяжний, доступний

 

Auditing

 

Auditing is an accounting function that involves the review and evaluation of financial records of a company. It is done by auditors. These reviews are called audits.

Outside/external audits are a normal and regular part of business practice. In addition, many corporations maintain a continuous internal audit by their own accounting departments. They review operating procedures and financial records and report to management on the current state of the company’s fiscal affairs. The internal auditors make suggestions to management for improvements in the standard operating procedures and check the accounting records.



Independent auditing is done by accountants who are not employees of the organization whose books they examine. The independent accountant is almost always a CPA. Independent accountants review the business’s operating activities; they examine financial statements and the accounting records. An audit can take several days, even for a fairly small company.

Management must act upon the information in the financial records; the auditor ensures that this information is accurate, adequate, and accessible.

 

 

Exercises in Word Study

 

Ex.1. Form nouns from the following verbs:

evaluate, improve, examine, act, inform, organize, manage.

 


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