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Grammar: Present Perfect Continuous

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  1. A) Put the verbs in brackets into the correct forms of Present, Past or Future Simple.
  2. Continuous Tenses
  3. Encircle the Participles, mark the Present Participle with “Pres.” and Past Participle with “Past” and translate the sentences into Russian.
  4. Ex.1. Complete the sentences using the correct passive (continuous) form of the verbs in brackets.
  5. Ex.1. Complete the sentences using the correct passive (perfect) form of the verbs in brackets.
  6. Ex.2. Complete these sentences using the correct form (Past Perfect Simple or Past Simple) of the verbs in brackets.
  7. Ex.2. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form. (All the sentences refer to the present or future).
  8. EXERCISE 7. Put the verb either in the Present Simple or Present Continuous Tense
  9. Grammar: Comparison of Adverbs
  10. Grammar: Countable and Uncountable Nouns
  11. Grammar: Present Simple and Present Continuous

 

Terms to remember:

 

relationship відносини
subsidiary дочірня компанія, підконтрольна компанія, філія
parent company компанія-засновник; компанія, що володіє контрольним пакетом акцій іншої компанії, батьківська компанія
holding company холдингова компанія
hold (v) володіти
stake частина (чогось), частка (капіталу), акція
sister company сестринська компанія
conglomerate конгломерат
joint venture спільне підприємство
remain (v) залишатись
separate окремий
legal entity юридична особа
consortium консорціум
undertake (a project) (v) розпочинати, здійснювати (проект)
carry out (v) виконувати, здійснювати

 

Business Relationship

 

As businesses expand they may buy shares in other companies, or join with other companies for a particular purpose. There are different relationships these companies can have with one another. A group is a number of subsidiary companies operating under one leading company known as the parent company. A subsidiary is a company that is half or wholly owned by another company (the parent company).

A holding company is one that holds all, or more than half of, the stakes in one or more subsidiaries. It is the leading company in a group.

A holding company’s relationship to its subsidiaries is that of parent company, and the subsidiaries’ relationship to each other is that of sister companies. The parent company controls its subsidiaries through its capital interests.

A conglomerate is a group consisting of a lot of different companies in different businesses run as one large company.

When two or more companies decide to work together, they form a joint venture. In such cases, the two companies involved remain separate legal entities.

A consortium is a group of companies which come together to undertake a project which any one of the members cannot carry out alone.

 

Exercises in Word Study



 

Ex.1. Form adjectives from the following verbs:

hold, subside, separate, join, relate, lead, differ, expand, operate, know, decide.

 

Ex.2. Give the English for:

ділові відносини, розширювати бізнес, купувати акції, об’єднуватися з іншими компаніями, провідна компанія, компанія-засновник, філія, холдингова компанія, акція, сестринська компанія, спільне підприємство, юридична особа, здійснювати проекти.

 

Ex.3. Match words from list A with words from list B that have a similar meaning:

A B
consist stock separate carry out operate holding company hold decide remain stay parent company different from smth. else make up one’s mind share fulfil function be composed of own

 

Ex.4. Find suitable opposites to the following words and phrases:

to shorten, to sell, similar, subsidiary, joint, legal, to leave.

 


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