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Ex.7. Write the appropriate word or phrase in the following spaces. Translate the sentences into Ukrainian

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  1. Agree or disagree with the following statements, using the strategies of speaking. Give additional information to prove your agreement or disagreement. Use the model.
  2. Answer the following questions
  3. Answer the following questions.
  4. Answer the following questions.
  5. Answer the following questions.
  6. B) Make up your own sentences with them.
  7. Clustering. Transfer this boxed subject onto your notebook page. Write related ideas, box them and connect them with lines to your subject and to each other.
  8. Clustering. Transfer this boxed subject onto your notebook page. Write related ideas, box them and connect them with lines to your subject and to each other.
  9. Clustering. Transfer this boxed subject onto your notebook page. Write related ideas, box them and connect them with lines to your subject and to each other.
  10. Comment on some of Twain’s remarks when describing the quality of student papers. Explain why the commentary is so biting. Translate the sentences into Russian.
  11. Complete the sentences
  12. Complete the sentences, using the words from Ex. 3. Three of them are used twice. The first one is done for you.

1. The main international … are based in the USA, Japan, and the UK.

2. The Euro was stronger than the dollar on the … market yesterday.

3. Borrowers are encouraged to take out loans while … are low.

4. I’ll ask my … to sell these shares for us.

5. … try to predict changes in share prices.

6. Companies sell … to raise money.

7. Her company buys and sells … .

8. The … on a car loan is 10 %.

9. … are wholesalers of shares who keep supplies of the shares in which they deal, making a continuous market for buyers and sellers.

10. Brokers … on stock exchanges.

 
 
trade, rate of interest, securities, bonds, market makers (2), stockbroker, interest rates, foreign exchange, stock exchanges.

 


Ex.8. Fill in the missing prepositions.

When companies are first listed … the Stock Exchange, their shares are issued, or floated, … a price normally determined … the company. Existing companies which are already listed may issue new shares if they need more capital. The issue … new shares is known as the “primary” market.

The “secondary” market is where shares are bought and sold once they have been issued. Prices are determined … the operation … the basic economic laws … supply and demand.

If investors were unable to realise their assets … selling their shares … the secondary market they would be reluctant to invest … companies. … turn, companies would be deprived … a major source … capital. … these reasons there are stock exchanges … most countries … market economies.

(with, in (3), for, of (5), on (2), by (3), at)

 

 

Exercises in Comprehension

 

Ex.1. Answer the following questions:

1. What can be traded in financial centers?

2. What is a commodity market?

3. What is the stock market sensitive to?

4. What do stock exchanges exist for?

5. What do stock exchanges provide?

6. Who are the main operators on the market?

7. Who do market-makers sell to?

8. What are securities?

9. What is a bull market?

10. When do people talk about a bear market?

 

Ex.2. Sum up what you remember about:

a) things traded in financial centres;

b) stock exchanges;

c) market-makers and stockbrokers;



d) securities;

e) bull market and bear market.

 

Grammar Revision

 

Second Conditional Form: If + Past Simple/Continuous, + would +infinitive Use: We use the second conditional: s to talk about an unlikely or imaginary situation and its result If I won the lottery, I’d buy a new car. s in the expression “If I were you, I’d …” to give advice If I were you, I’d retire.

 

Ex.1. Finish these sentences using the second conditional.

1. If I passed my English exam, … .

2. If my friend got promotion, … .

3. If he listened to my advice, … .

4. If he invested in government bonds, … .

5. If I were you, … .

6. If the customer complained, … .

7. If you knew him better, … .

8. If I could help you, … .

9. If she were present, … .

10. If you didn’t ask me any questions, … .

11. If he took better care of his health, … .

12. If I saw it with my own eyes, … .

13. If I were sacked, … .

14. If the government raised taxes, … .

15. If you were introduced to the Managing Director, … .

 


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