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Ex.2. Choose the correct term for each definition

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  1. A good example of price emphasis is “loss leader” pricing. It means that a seller chooses one item and sells it at very low price. There is also off-even pricing or “odd-pricing”.
  2. A) Put the verbs in brackets into the correct forms of Present, Past or Future Simple.
  3. Choose the alternative that best suits the context.
  4. Choose the correct variant.
  5. Choose the right answer
  6. Choose the right variant.
  7. Choose the right variant.
  8. Choose the word or word combination to match the definition.
  9. Choose the word or word combination to match the definition.
  10. Complete these sentences using the correct form of one of the words above. Make sentences of your own to show that you understand the difference in their meaning.
  11. Complete these sentences using the correct form of one of the words above. Make your own sentences to show that you understand the difference in their meaning.
  12. D) Choose one of the words to complete the sentences
balance of trade, exporting, trade deficit., importing

1. A company is involved in _______ when it is selling products to another country.

2. The relationship of exports to imports is called the __________ .

3. A country is involved in _________ when it is buying products from another country.

4. When a country has a ________ it is buying more goods from other nations than are sold to them.

 

Ex.3. Sum up what you remember about:

s exports

s imports

s a trade surplus/a trade deficit

 

Ex.4. Translate into English:

1. Міжнародна торгівля – це основний фактор розвитку співробітництва між різними країнами світу.

2. Експорт та імпорт – важливі аспекти міжнародної торгівлі.

3. Експортування – це продаж товарів та послуг в іншу країну.

4. Імпортування – це купівля товарів та послуг в іншій країні.

5. Купівля таких послуг, як страхування, туризм, перевезення вантажу – це невидимий імпорт.

6. Експортери заробляють валюту, якою країна розраховується за імпортні товари.

7. Якщо експорт перевищує імпорт, існує надлишок торгового балансу.

8. Якщо імпорт перевищує експорт, ми говоримо про дефіцит торгового балансу.

9. Експорт товарів – пріоритетний напрям розвитку зовнішньої торгівлі будь-якої країни.

10. Економіка кожної країни значною мірою залежить від зовнішньої торгівлі.

 

 

Grammar Revision

 

The Gerund 1. The gerund has the following forms:
    Active Passive  
  Indefinite writing being written  
  Perfect having written having been written  
2. We use the gerund: s as the subject of a sentence Exporting will be our main objective next year. s as the object of a sentence I’ve always enjoyed reading.
s after certain verbs: admit, mind, appreciate, avoid, consider, can’t stand, can’t help, delay, enjoy, finish, imagine, involve, postpone, propose, risk, stop, suggest The manager proposed organizing an exhibition.
s after prepositions after, before, by, when, while, without The company launched this product without doing the necessary research.
s after verbs and expressions followed by prepositions: be interested in, be good at, be fond of, be for/against, be used to, instead of, feel like, think of/about, look forward to, succeed in, approve of, insist on, object to I’m interested in learning more about this technology. s after these expressions: it’s no use, it’s not worth, it’s no good, to have difficulty It’s no use asking him. He won’t tell the truth.

 



Ex.1. Put the verbs in brackets into the gerund. Translate the sentences into Ukrainian.

1. Stop (argue) and start (work).

2. The boss is against (make) any complaints.

3. I am thinking of (retire) and (go) to Ukraine.

4. If he puts his money into that business he risks (lose) everything.

5. If a thing is worth (do) at all it is worth (do) well.

6. He hates (borrow) money.

7. I can’t stand their (waste) so much time.

8. I thanked him for (solve) the problem quickly.

9. I suggest (postpone) the meeting.

10. It’s no good (complain). Nothing can be done.

11. I can’t help (think) about the interview.

12. We avoid (keep) late hours. Our working day begins very early.

13. The secretary admitted (steal) the money.

14. I believe he is capable of (solve) this problem.

 


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